Human immunodeficiency virus infected patient with decreased of consciousness, what do we think?


  • Desak Putu Sukasanti Adi Kunti Wangaya Regional Hospital, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia
  • Ketut Suryana Departement of Internal Medicine, Merpati Clinic, HIV and Allergy Clinical Immunology Services Unit, Wangaya Hospital, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia



HIV, Decreased of consciousness, HIV encephalitis, Toxoplasma encephalitis


Central nervous system (CNS) disorders are estimated to occur in approximately 10-20% of people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Neurological manifestations in HIV-infected patients can be caused directly by HIV or by opportunistic infections. Here we present a case report of a 47-year-old male initially diagnosed with decreased of consciousness in HIV-infected patients on ARV. Differential diagnosis of HIV-infected patients with decreased consciousness must be made. We can consider causes of opportunistic infections such as toxoplasma encephalitis, HIV encephalitis, or both.


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Case Reports